UH Med Now
Diabetes Center of Biomedical Research Excellence launched at University of Hawai’i to address disease afflicting more than 1/2 million islanders
Pictured, left to right: Takashi Matsui, MD, PhD; Rachel Boulay, PhD; Ralph Shohet, MD; Marjorie Mau, MD; Mariana Gerschenson, PhD; Olivier LeSaux, PhD; Viola Pomozi, PhD; Michael Corley, PhD; Noemi Polgar, PhD; Alexander Stokes, PhD; at the John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaiʻi Mānoa.
By Tina Shelton, UH Med Now
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (UHM) has been awarded a major federal grant to establish a Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) on Diabetes. The $11.2 federal grant, which may be renewed for two additional five-year cycles after its initial five-year period, will intensify Hawaiʻi-based research into a disease that currently affects 155,000 adults and children –1 in 9 individuals in Hawaiʻi.
Additionally, Hawaiʻi has 460,000 with pre-diabetes, a condition that increases the risk of developing diabetes. Diabetes is marked by high blood sugar, which can lead to eye complications, kidney disease, nerve damage, high blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease.
The University of Hawaiʻi has organized a team of scientists and physicians as part of the new Center of Biomedical Research Excellence in Diabetes at the John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM); this Center will span departmental and campus borders. The Director is Mariana Gerschenson, PhD who is a Professor of Cell and Molecular Biology (CMB) and JABSOM Director of Research and Graduate Education. She is the Principal Investigator of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsored grant. The Deputy Director is Marjorie Mau, MD, an Endocrinologist and Professor in the Department of Native Hawaiian Health, and Oliver Le Saux, PhD, Director of the Center’s Resources Core and Associate Professor of CMB.
The team’s research will include the study of pre-diabetes and diabetes through clinical studies and pre-clinical research. Hawaiʻi’s multi-ethnic population will be a focus of this grant.
Diabetes attacks Americans of racial and ethnic minorities with a particular vengeance. JABSOM research has shown that 22.4% of Native Hawaiians have diabetes, with an additional 15% of them diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance, pre-diabetes. The occurrence of diabetes is also higher among people of Pacific Island and certain Asian ancestries. The cause of those inexplicable disparities will be part of the research focus. The goal is to further understand pre-diabetes and diabetes so that we can develop preventions and improve treatments.
Dr. Gerschenson, a second-generation diabetes researcher, is an internationally known scientist who studies metabolic diseases (diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholesterol) and mitochondria (batteries of mammalian cells that make energy). She is the first minority woman (Hispanic) to lead a Center of Biomedical Research Excellence at the University of Hawaiʻi. Dr. Mau, who is of Native Hawaiian ancestry, has devoted her career treating patients with diabetes and metabolic disorder, and leading research into diseases which disproportionately strike Hawaiʻi’s people. Two other senior investigator mentors (Drs. Oliver Le Saux & Takashi Matsui) similarly were former trainees on similar Center grants.
“JABSOM is a national leader in elevating women to leadership positions in Medicine. Early career investigators supported by this grant will benefit from the leadership provided by these successful minority women and colleagues who themselves have been trained under former Center of Research Excellence grants,” said Dr. Hedges.